What is eco-design ?
Eco-design consists of integrating the environmental factor into the design of a product. The objective is to reduce environmental impacts throughout its life cycle . The life cycle consists of the following stages: extraction of raw materials, production, distribution, use and end of life.
The eco-design approach is based on the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology. It is essential to consider all stages in order to avoid pollution transfers (from one stage to another).