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Eco-design

What is eco-design ?

Eco-design consists of integrating the environmental factor into the design of a product. The objective is to reduce environmental impacts throughout its life cycle . The life cycle consists of the following stages: extraction of raw materials, production, distribution, use and end of life.

The eco-design approach is based on the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology. It is essential to consider all stages in order to avoid pollution transfers (from one stage to another).

economie lineaire - linear economy - eco design - eco conception

The eco-design approach is part of the concept of a circular economy.  This economic model seeks to break away from the logic of linear economy, which is reduced to “extract, manufacture, consume and throw away”. The circular economy aims to limit the consumption of non-renewable resources, in order to take only as much as nature can renew.

The circular economy consists of seven pillars:

  • Sustainable supply
  • Eco-design
  • Industrial and territorial ecology
  • Economy of functionality
  • Responsible consumption: purchasing, collaborative consumption, use
  • Extension of the duration of use: reuse, repair, recycle
  • Waste management
economie lineaire - linear economy - eco design - eco conception

An evaluation tool for the circular economy in buildings is being developed as part of the European project (in which Portugal participates) called BAMB – Building As Material Banks. The methodology consists of comparing and evaluating the flows of materials and products throughout the life cycle of the building.