ADENE: Energy Agency in Portugal
Anemometer: Instrument that measures wind speed and pressure.
APA: Portuguese Environment Agency
Bio-sourced material: It is a material derived from living organisms, of animal or plant origin. The use of bio-sourced materials contributes to carbon storage and the preservation of natural resources.
Bioclimatic architecture: In the design of a so-called bioclimatic architecture, the conditions of the site and the environment (climate and microclimate, geography and geomorphology) play a major role in the study and implementation of the architecture project planned there. A thorough study of the site and its environment makes it possible to adapt the architecture to the characteristics and particularities specific to the location, and to take advantage of this benefits and protect themselves from disadvantages and constraints.
Calories: Calorie is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of water below normal atmospheric pressure by 1ºC.
Carbon footprint: Product’s greenhouse gas emissions.
Carbon sinks: A carbon sink is a reservoir (natural or artificial) that absorbs carbon circulating in the biosphere. This carbon is trapped in living matter and then more or less permanently sequestered in dead organic matter or in a rock biogenic… The main carbon sinks are oceans, soils (humus) and flora (forest, peat bog, grasslands).
Certification: A certification attests that a building is of a higher quality than that required by regulation. It is based on specifications (referential) that specify the requirements to be followed. It is issued by an approved and independent certification body (e. g. NF Habitat certification).
Circular economy: According to the ADEME (Agence nationale de l’environnement et de la maîtrise de l’énergie), the circular economy is an economic system of exchange and production that aims to increase the efficiency of resource use and reduce our impact on the environment. The aim is to decouple resource consumption from gross domestic product (GDP) growth while ensuring that environmental impacts are reduced and wellbeing is increased.